2016 PIT Results: Homelessness in America Continues to Decline

Continuing to Drive Progress in Ending Homelessness

Yesterday, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development released its annual Point-in-Time count results, reporting steady reductions in homelessness between 2010 and 2016. We'll provide a more detailed analysis of this data in the weeks ahead, but in the meantime, we encourage everyone to:  

Read the Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress, Part I.

Read HUD's press release about the Point-in-Time data.  
Remarks from Executive Director Matthew Doherty on the 2016 Point-in-Time Count Data

At the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness we find this data, on the whole, very encouraging. We've steadily reduced homelessness since
Opening Doors was launched in 2010. The arrows are pointing in the right direction. But we can and must do even better.
About the Data
First, I want to offer a few thoughts about what this specific data helps us understand. This data in this report is based on data gathered and submitted by communities across the country through their local counts.
Such point-in-time data provides us with a snapshot of the estimated number and demographics of people who are experiencing homelessness at a given point of time - in this case, from about 11 months ago, January 2016.
This data helps to estimate how much day-to-day capacity we need within our homelessness crisis response systems. And it also helps us assess the impact of our strategic activities up until that point.
But it is not the only data that we consider, and it is not the only data that communities should use to guide the strategic decisions and tailor the interventions that we need to end homelessness.
We also need to consider sources of annualized data that help us understand the number of people who experience homelessness or housing instability over the course of a year. Such data helps paint a more complete picture of the state of homelessness and housing needs in our country.
There are a couple of key sources of such data:
  • Last month, HUD released part II of its 2015 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress based upon Homeless Management Information System data, which documents the number of people who experience homelessness in shelters over the course of the year. This data showed that between 2014 and 2015, the number of people experiencing sheltered homelessness at some point during the reporting year remained roughly the same, declining by less than 1%.
  • For understanding the scope and scale of homelessness among youth and families with children, we also closely consider the data gathered by schools for the Department of Education. This annualized data documents the number of children enrolled in public schools who are identified as experiencing homelessness at some point during the school year - including children who are living in shelters or who are unsheltered - and also includes children who may be staying in motels or in doubled-up arrangements. This data showed an 8% increase between the 2013 and 2014 school years, and we'll be looking closely at what the 2015 data tells us.
I would encourage you to spend some time with all of those data sets, and reach out to us if you would like to talk through this data.
What's Working
I want to offer a few thoughts on some of the strategies that have driven our progress to date, specifically three key elements that I think have had a huge impact:
First, we set ambitious goals and asked leaders to publicly commit to them. For example, the Mayors Challenge has helped to drive the remarkable 47% reduction in Veteran homelessness, including a 17% reduction during 2015 alone. And we now have the opportunity to take the proof of what is possible for Veterans and apply those lessons and strategies to ending homelessness for people with disabilities, for families with children, for youth - for everyone.

Second, we provided clear guidance and direction on what it takes to succeed, equipping communities with a full array of strategies and tools to help them implement the best practices.
For example, HUD's technical assistance efforts have helped communities to use resources more effectively, to embrace the strongest models, and to use data to drive their decision making. And communities are moving beyond using not just point-in-time estimates to having real-time information about people experiencing homelessness at any given time - who they are, what their needs are, who is working with them.

Third, by embracing Housing First approaches, federal agencies are making sure that federal dollars have the greatest impact and improves outcomes for people.
Programs are removing unnecessary obstacles and barriers, helping people get into permanent housing as quickly as possible, and providing them with essential services to be successful.

The Work Ahead

But our work is clearly not done, so I also wanted to talk about a few of the things we need to be urgently focusing on in the months and years ahead to pick up the pace of our progress.
We must increase the supply of affordable housing. We must continue to target and prioritize existing affordable housing to people exiting homelessness, but we must also take steps to increase the overall supply of housing units within our communities. Jurisdictions need to remove local barriers to housing development that have reduced the ability of many housing markets to respond to growing demand. And we must invest in new affordable housing across all levels of government.
We must continue to improve connections to mainstream programs and employment services and opportunities. To both prevent homelessness, and to ensure the success and stability of people who are experiencing or have exited homelessness, we must do more to connect people to health and social services, and to integrate employment services and opportunities into our housing and services systems.

And finally, we must maintain partnerships at all levels of government.
To sustain the progress we've made to date, we must continue to pursue a collaborative approach across federal, state, and local government. And we must sustain our investments into the strategies and programs that are working, knowing that our communities must have lasting systems that are poised to respond to crisis every day.

As always, we thank you for your dedication to making sure every American has a safe and stable home.

U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness, 1275 First Street, NE, Suite 227, Washington, DC 20552