New federal data released this week reveal that 1,355,821 students experiencing homelessness were enrolled in public schools during the 2016-2017 school year. This was the highest number ever recorded.
- Twenty states experienced a growth in their homeless student populations of 10% or more during the three-year period covered in the report.
- Over the past ten years, the number of homeless students has increased by 70%.
- The number of unaccompanied homeless youth – youth who experience homelessness on their own and are not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian – increased by 25% over the past three years.
The data also illustrate the negative impact of homelessness on academic performance, over and above poverty.
- Based on data from 44 states, the 2016-2017 national average graduation rate for homeless students was 64%.
- This is 13% below other low-income students (77.6 %) and 20% below all students (84.1%).
- Under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), all states are required to disaggregate and share graduation rates for homeless students starting with the 2017-2018 school year.